India faces a significant disease burden, characterized by a mix of communicable and non-communicable diseases. Communicable diseases such as respiratory infections, diarrheal diseases, and vector-borne illnesses contribute to a substantial portion of the burden. Non-communicable diseases and injuries together have overtaken infectious and childhood diseases in terms of disease burden in every state of the country.

The prevalence of non-communicable diseases in India is 116 per 1,000 population and shows a quantum jump among individuals above 35 years of age.

These include cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, chronic kidney disease, chronic respiratory diseases, mental health, neurological disorders, musculoskeletal disorders & cancers.

About 21% of the elderly in India reportedly have at least one chronic disease.

Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is a significant health concern globally, and India is no exception. Key factors contributing to CKD in India include the rising prevalence of diabetes, hypertension, and lifestyle-related issues. Diabetes and hypertension are major risk factors for CKD. With the growing incidence of diabetes and hypertension in India, the prevalence of CKD is also expected to increase.

There is often a lack of awareness about CKD, leading to delayed diagnosis and treatment. Early detection and management are crucial in slowing the progression of kidney disease.

ESRD, the advanced stage of CKD where kidney function is severely impaired, poses a significant healthcare challenge. Access to renal replacement therapies such as dialysis and kidney transplantation is essential for individuals with ESRD.

CKD prevalence may vary across different regions of India due to factors like lifestyle, healthcare infrastructure, and genetic predispositions